Posted by: islaambasics | August 13, 2009

Which is the last Ayah revealed “This day, I have perfected your religion for you” or “And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allah”

The first question of Fatwa no. 11003

Q 1: Which of those two Ayahs (Qur’anic verses) Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 3 This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favor upon you, and have chosen for you Islâm as your religion. (Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 3) and Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 281 And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allâh. Then every person shall be paid what he earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly. (Surah Al-Baqarah 2: 281) was the last

( Part No : 3, Page No: 64)

to be revealed to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him)?

A: The last Ayah revealed was Allah’s Saying:Surah Al-Baqarah, 2: 281 And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allâh. It was related by Al-Nasa’iy on the authority of Ibn `Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) that the last Ayah revealed wasSurah Al-Baqarah, 2: 281 And be afraid of the Day when you shall be brought back to Allâh. Then, every person shall be paid what he earned, and they shall not be dealt with unjustly.

As for His Saying:Surah Al-Ma’idah, 5: 3 This day, I have perfected your religion for you it was revealed during the Farewell Hajj on the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah). It was related by Al-Bukhari, when commenting on this Ayah, from Qays on the authority of Tariq ibn Shihab who said: The Jews said to `Umar: You recite an Ayah which, if it had been revealed in relation to us, we would have taken that day as a feast. Thereupon, `Umar said, “I know the day on which it was revealed and where it was revealed and where the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) was when it was revealed. It was revealed on the Day of `Arafah when we were in `Arafah.”

( Part No : 3, Page No: 65)

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member Deputy Chairman The Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz
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